2014 Nobel Prize list

Alfred Nobel was born on 21 October 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden, into a family of engineers. He was a chemist, engineer, and inventor. In 1894, Nobel purchased the Bofors iron and steel mill, which he made into a major armaments manufacturer. Nobel also invented ballistite. This invention was a precursor to many smokeless military explosives, especially the British smokeless powder cordite. As a consequence of his patent claims, Nobel was eventually involved in a patent infringement lawsuit over cordite. Nobel amassed a fortune during his lifetime, with most of his wealth from his 355 inventions, of which dynamite is the most famous.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014
Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura
Isamu Akasaki is a Japanese scientist
Hiroshi Amano is a Japanese physicist
Shuji Nakamura is a Japanese-American professor
They awarded for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014
Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner
Robert Eric Betzig is an American physicist based at the Janelia Farm Research Campus in Ashburn, Virginia
Stefan Walter Hell is a Romanian-born German physicist
William Esco Moerner is an American physical chemist
They awarded for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014
John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser
John O’Keefe,is an American-British neuroscientist and a professor at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and the Department of Anatomy at University College London.
May-Britt Moser is a Norwegian psychologist, neuroscientist
Edvard Ingjald Moser is a Norwegian psychologist, neuroscientist
They awarded for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014
Patrick Modiano
Jean Patrick Modiano is a French novelist.
He was awarded for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014
Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
Kailash Satyarthi is an Indian children’s rights advocate and an activist against child labour.
Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate They awarded the prize for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”

The Nobel Economics Prize 2014
Jean Tirole is a French professor of economics. He focuses on industrial organization, game theory, banking and finance, and economics and psychology.
He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his analysis of market power and regulation

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